Monthly Archives: December 2016

Tourism in Government Economy | Finland


By: Kristina Svels

History & Background

  • Finland has been: (1)  a part of the Swedish Kingdom from the middle ages until 1809, and (2) an autonomous part of Russia between 1809 – 1917
  • Finland independence 6.12. 1917 – 100 yrs 2017!
  • Belongs to the Nordic Countries (similar social democratic societal structure) but not strictly geographically part of Scandinavia.
  • Bordered by Sweden, Norway, Russia and neighbouring Estonia
  • Finland’s tourism comparative strengths lie in the contrast between its modern culture and its nature-based cultural heritage, the meeting of east and west, technology, the Finnish way of life and creativity (OECD, 2016)

General Profile

  • Four distinctly different seasons
  • Land of the Midnight sun
  • Land of the Nordic light – Aurora Borealis
  • Bilingual country (Finnish and Swedish)
  • Finnish speaking 88,9 %
  • Swedish speaking 5,3 %
  • ‘Northern Hub’ to Asia via Helsinki
  • Joined the EU 1.1. 1995
  • Finland part of the Euro zone €
  • High taxes and high labor costs > standard of prices of Finnish tourism services general high.

How tourism is incorporated in Finland

— Ministry of Employment and the Economy

  • The Ministry of Employment and the Economy responsible for tourism policy, development and support measures.
  • ○Limited financing to tourism by government
  • Development of tourism closely connected with regional policy, which is also the responsibility of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy

— Finpro

  • Finpro is a largely state funded organisation responsible for supporting Finnish SMEs in international markets and encouraging foreign direct investment (follow Finnish Tourism Board FTB).

— Visit Finland

  • Visit Finland Receives its funding from the state budget, € 10.1 million in 2015.
  • Promote Finnish tourism by means of marketing communications, and by promoting Finland as a tourist destination
  • Joint product campaigns with industry and arrange fact finding visits for foreign travel operators and the media that support the promotion of Finland as a an attractive destination

Tourism Authorities Across Government Levels


Tourism & Finland’s Economy

  • Finland received 7.4 million foreign visitors in 2015
  • In total they accumulated € 2.4 billion to the country
  • € 14.2 billion was spent on tourism in Finland ( 2014 including the consumption expenditure of Finnish and foreign tourists)
  • The value added by tourism € 4.4. Billion, i.e. 2.5 % of Finland’s GDP
  • Total employment in the tourism sector was 140,000 people
  • Tourism has significant multiplier effects on other sectors, such as construction, transport, and commerce.

Tourism in Turkey | Turkey

blogturkeyBy: Azade Özlem ÇALIK,  İsmail KERVANKIRAN  &  Gülsel ÇİFTÇİ


  • Area : 814.578 km2
  • Geographical Coordinates : Eastern Meridians 26° and 45° and Northern Parallels 36° and 42°
  • Coastal Borders : Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north
  • Language : The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities.
  • Population : 78.741.053
  • Currency : Turkish Lira
  • Capital City : Ankara

Tourism Attractions 

Turkey has so much to offer its visitors – breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical and archaeological places, steadily improving hotel and touristic infrastructure and a tradition of hospitality and competitive prices. Therefore, it is not surprising that this country has recently become one of the most popular tourism destination of the world. Due to Turkey’s diverse geography, one can experience four different climates in any one day.


International tourism

International tourism receipts grew to US$1.07 trillion (€837 billion) in 2012, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 4.0% from 2011. The World Tourism Organization reports the following countries as the top ten tourism earners for the year 2012, with the United States by far the top earner. Turkey has been 6th in terms of the number of tourists, whereas it became 10th in terms of tourism income. The target of Turkey in 2023 is to become one of the five countries having touristic attractions and  the highest tourism  income .


Conclusion & Recommendations

Turkey’s natural, historical and cultural values in the event of a planned and efficient evaluation of the shares to be received in the future will increase tourism in the world. But in this process areas used for tourism required to be protected. Fast mobility in tourism in some areas (the Mediterranean and Aegean coasts, Ürgüp and Göreme fairy chimneys, etc.). unsaved natural and cultural structures, as needed, that the irreversible devastation wrought sees the importance of sustainability in tourism is better understood. Therefore, the trends for the future to the World Tourism Organization (WTO) “prepared by the Tourism 2020 Vision” as well as the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, “prepared by the Tourism Strategy of Turkey – 2023” One of the most important goals in the objectives, the principles of sustainability in tourism.