By: Azade Özlem ÇALIK, İsmail KERVANKIRAN & Gülsel ÇİFTÇİ
- Area : 814.578 km2
- Geographical Coordinates : Eastern Meridians 26° and 45° and Northern Parallels 36° and 42°
- Coastal Borders : Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north
- Language : The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities.
- Population : 78.741.053
- Currency : Turkish Lira
- Capital City : Ankara
Turkey has so much to offer its visitors – breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical and archaeological places, steadily improving hotel and touristic infrastructure and a tradition of hospitality and competitive prices. Therefore, it is not surprising that this country has recently become one of the most popular tourism destination of the world. Due to Turkey’s diverse geography, one can experience four different climates in any one day.
International tourism receipts grew to US$1.07 trillion (€837 billion) in 2012, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 4.0% from 2011. The World Tourism Organization reports the following countries as the top ten tourism earners for the year 2012, with the United States by far the top earner. Turkey has been 6th in terms of the number of tourists, whereas it became 10th in terms of tourism income. The target of Turkey in 2023 is to become one of the five countries having touristic attractions and the highest tourism income .
Conclusion & Recommendations
Turkey’s natural, historical and cultural values in the event of a planned and efficient evaluation of the shares to be received in the future will increase tourism in the world. But in this process areas used for tourism required to be protected. Fast mobility in tourism in some areas (the Mediterranean and Aegean coasts, Ürgüp and Göreme fairy chimneys, etc.). unsaved natural and cultural structures, as needed, that the irreversible devastation wrought sees the importance of sustainability in tourism is better understood. Therefore, the trends for the future to the World Tourism Organization (WTO) “prepared by the Tourism 2020 Vision” as well as the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, “prepared by the Tourism Strategy of Turkey – 2023” One of the most important goals in the objectives, the principles of sustainability in tourism.